The ESP32 from Espressif features - along with a lot of other cool function blocks - an Ethernet MAC with an RMII-interface. You only have to add an Ethernet PHY, some transformers, a RJ45 connector and a few resistors and capacitors.
Espressif have published some code for the TLK110. But it is relatively expensive (around 6 EUR when bought in small quantities) and is relatively big as it has an MII-interface which is not entirely needed.
A better choice seems to be the LAN8720 which costs only 1EUR and is significantly smaller as it only has a RMII-interface an therefore lesser pins.
Robin Cutshaw and Rudi Wagner made some effort and made a pull request for the ESP-IDF.
Adapter board without daughter boards
The clock issue
There is one major problem with the pin configuration of the ESP32. If
GPIO0 is pulled LOW during the bootup sequence the bootloader awaits serial programming. But
GPIO0 is also the clock input for the EMAC function block in the ESP32.
So it has to be ensured that
GPIO0 is held HIGH during boot and the 50MHz
REFCLK is supplied just before the LAN8720 is initialised. Fortunately the 50MHz oscillator has an enable pin. When this pin is held LOW, the output is disabled. In the ESP-IDF firmware
GPIO17 is already used als
PHY_POWER which is an input during boot and then recofigured as output and set HIGH. To make sure the enable pin of the oscillator is LOW during bootup a 4.7kΩ pulldown resistor has to be added. But the disabled clock output needs an additional 4.7kΩ pullup resistor to make sure
GPIO0 is in HIGH state.
On the LAN8720 board the is an unused pin on the pinheader marked
NC which can easily be used to connect the clock-enable pin of the oscillator with
Waveshare LAN8720 with clock enable modification
The connections needed
GPIO17 - PHY_POWER : NC - Osc. Enable - 4k7 Pulldown GPIO22 - EMAC_TXD1 : TX1 GPIO19 - EMAC_TXD0 : TX0 GPIO21 - EMAC_TX_EN : TX_EN GPIO26 - EMAC_RXD1 : RX1 GPIO25 - EMAC_RXD0 : RX0 GPIO27 - EMAC_RX_DV : CRS GPIO00 - EMAC_TX_CLK : nINT/REFCLK (50MHz) - 4k7 Pullup GPIO23 - SMI_MDC : MDC GPIO18 - SMI_MDIO : MDIO GND : GND 3V3 : VCC
SMI_MDIO can freely be moved to other GPIOs.
EMAC_TX_CLK are fixed and can't be rerouted to other GPIOs.
Bottom view of adapter board with pin references
LAN8720 bootstrap config on the Waveshare board
The LAN8720 on the Waveshare board is bootstraped to use I²C address 1. So you have to configure the ESP-IDF to access the LAN8720 as PHY1
config.phy_addr = PHY1;.